On the morning of Dec. 11 the Government of Germany, pursuing its course
of world conquest, declared war against the United States. The
long-known and the long-expected has thus taken place. The forces
endeavoring to enslave the entire world now are moving toward this
hemisphere. Never before has there been a greater challenge to life,
liberty and civilization. Delay invites great danger. Rapid and united
effort by all of the peoples of the world who are determined to remain
free will insure a world victory of the forces of justice and of
righteousness over the forces of savagery and of barbarism. Italy also
has declared war against the United States.
I therefore request the Congress to recognize a state of war between the
United States and Germany, and between the United States and Italy.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
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